The Diamond

Diamond is a mineral belonging to the carbon group of the crops and is the most important gemstone. It is due to its physical and chemical properties, since the most intense mineral, transparency and light in the natural environment are perfect, refractive and sparkling at the highest degree. However, there is no other precious gem, which consists of only one element: the diamonds are carbon atoms, an allotropic form of carbon (see graphite). Due to its extremely high hardness, its industrial use is extensive.